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DNR did much to improve habitat, more in 2014

Jan. 5, 2015

by Chris Schultz

From the DNR

The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources made significant headway in 2014 in improving the state’s natural resources and outdoor recreation, while engaging with thousands of citizens on important environmental decisions.

For example, the DNR lanched a major habitat restoration project in the St. Louis River estuary, celebrated the designation of the state’s 50th wildlife lake and worked to restore critical fish and bird habitat across the state.

The agency also launched several new digital tools, making it easier for citizens to get information about the outdoors, and opened several new trails and park facilities. The agency held more than 50 meetings to hear from people on everything from pheasant habitat to protection of groundwater.

“This kind of citizen engagement is critical to our work,” said DNR Commissioner Tom Landwehr. “It’s also satisfying, at the end of the year, to report back to Minnesotans that we are making strides in increasing habitat and outdoor recreation opportunities.”

Among this year’s highlights:

Aquatic invasive species – The DNR saw more citizen compliance with invasive species rules. Conservation officers noted 91 percent of people complied with rules during routine lakeside inspections (up from 86 percent in 2013) and 83 percent achieved compliance at roadside check stations (up from 79 percent in 2013). The agency used a new product called Zequanox, copper sulfate and potash, to prevent the spread of an early infestation of zebra mussels in Christmas Lake and worked on a zebra mussel control effort in Lake Independence. The DNR launched a major effort to collaborate with counties to curb the spread of aquatic invasive species.

Invasive carp – Minnesota’s congressional delegation promoted, and President Barack Obama signed, legislation that closes the Upper St. Anthony Falls lock to boat traffic, a move that will help keep invasive carp, such as bighead and silver carp, from reaching other important waters north of the Twin Cities. The closure was a key component of Gov. Mark Dayton’s 2011 invasive carp action plan. The DNR also continued an intensive monitoring program for invasive carp on the Mississippi River. The agency took major steps to install barriers to ensure the fish do not get a toehold in southwestern Minnesota through rivers and streams connecting to the Upper Des Moines watershed, where carp have been found.

St. Louis estuary cleanup – The DNR began a major habitat restoration project at Radio Tower Bay to restore 30 acres of shallow, sheltered bay habitat by dredging and removing 85,000 cubic yards of woody debris left behind by historic sawmill operations. Federal and local funds, as well as Legacy Amendment funds, are being used to improve water quality and degraded fish habitat in the world’s busiest freshwater port that was polluted with lumber mill sawdust and contaminants.

Long-eared bat – DNR staff worked closely with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service on the northern long-eared bat and its impending federal listing as an endangered or threatened species. The bat is being heavily impacted by white-nose syndrome disease around the nation. Based on current biological information, Minnesota, along with several other states where the bat is found, is supporting a threatened designation to allow forest management to continue for the long-term benefit of all forest-dwelling wildlife, including the bat.

Public access and land management – The DNR permanently acquired about 7,700 acres of industrial forest lands in northern Minnesota from the Potlatch Corp. Also, two land exchanges between the DNR, the Conservation Fund and St. Louis County will result in restoration of about 24,000 acres of heavily ditched wetlands at the Sax-Zim bog in northern Minnesota. The transaction will further preserve the area renowned as a critical birding site and provide the School Trust Fund with more productive forest lands.

Minerals management – Rentals and royalties from state mineral leases, mainly derived from iron ore production, generated record revenue of $74 million in fiscal year 2014, surpassing the previous record of $51 million in 2012. The 2014 total included over $53 million in royalties paid to the School Trust Fund. Permits to mine and water appropriation permits were issued for 12 mining projects, including a 483-acre expansion of U.S. Steel’s Minntac facility near Mountain Iron. For these permits, 83 percent met or beat the 150-day permitting goal set in state statute.

Better fishing and fish habitat – Anglers enjoyed remarkable fishing success on Upper Red Lake, harvesting nearly 230,000 pounds of walleye, the highest harvest recorded since the fishery re-opened in 2006. The fishing success is testament to strong collaborative efforts between the Red Lake Band of Chippewa and the DNR. DNR staff began lake sturgeon research on the Red River and continued population restoration in the Red River basin. Anglers who fish trout streams in southeastern Minnesota now have expanded opportunity to fish, and simpler regulations to follow.

Aspen shortage addressed – When lumber mills faced a shortage of aspen trees last summer, the DNR took action to offer for sale 52,000 cords of summer-accessible aspen to help with the shortage. The DNR’s response was completed in three weeks. The agency also granted emergency extensions on timber permits where severe winter conditions in 2013-2014 prevented timber harvesting.

Wildlife successes – A habitat conservation landmark was set when the DNR celebrated the creation of the state’s 50th designated wildlife lake. Such a statutory designation enables the DNR to manage the lake’s water level and surface use to benefit wildlife, especially waterfowl. Deer managers used public input to set new deer-season strategies for southeastern Minnesota and established a framework to set goals for 86 more deer permit areas during the next two years. On-going moose mortality research by DNR scientists continues to seek answers as to why the population of this iconic species is in significant decline.

New facilities for outdoor enthusiasts and energy-saving efforts – The DNR significantly upgraded a number of facilities around the state. A new visitor center opened at Tettegouche State Park, a new trailhead was built at Cuyuna Country State Recreation Area and an extension of the Brown’s Creek State Trail was completed that connects downtown Stillwater to the Gateway State Trail. Also, a major harbor at Zippel Bay State Park on Lake of the Woods was constructed, in addition to a new water access at Pool 5 on the Mississippi River. Thirty public water access sites were also upgraded. The DNR expanded its wind and solar electric capacity by one third, meaning DNR renewable energy installations now produce $58,000 worth of electricity. The agency hit a new benchmark for fuel economy of its light-vehicle fleet, saving the equivalent of 185,000 gallons of gasoline since 2011.

Citizens have new digital tools – The DNR launched new digital tools making it easier for citizens to get information. “Fish Minnesota” is a mobile-friendly website for easy-to-use fishing information. The agency’s “ParkFinder” application makes it easier to plan trips and vacations to Minnesota state parks. A new, interactive geology tool called “What’s Under Your House” allows users to zoom to any location in the state, or even enter their own address, and find information on different geologic formations. An online system called Minnesota Permitting and Reporting System (MPARS) simplifies the process for getting and paying for water permits. It allows individuals and organizations to go online and apply for work-in-public waters permits, dam safety permits, and water appropriation permits.

Citizens had their say – The DNR held more than 50 meetings across the state to gather input on everything from deer regulations to rules to protect the Mississippi River to pheasant and grassland habitat at the state’s first-ever Pheasant Summit. Early in 2014, more than 3,000 citizens participated in three public meetings on the proposed NorthMet copper-mining project. Last summer, more than a hundred citizens attended the “Mille Lacs: On the Road” meetings, where biologists explained the complex issues facing that lake’s walleye population. Citizen input helped the DNR make decisions on management and uses of scientific and natural areas (SNAs), elk populations in northwestern Minnesota and fish species such as northern pike and bass. DNR staff worked with citizens and stakeholders to begin development of three groundwater management areas in the state.

More Minnesotans got outdoors – Outdoor enthusiasts continue to flock to state parks and trails. For example, October overnight stays, year-round and one-day vehicle permit sales were up at state parks from the previous year by 11 percent, 24 percent and 42 percent, respectively. The “I Can!” skill-building series grew with new programs for mountain bikers, paddlers and stand-up paddleboarders. The DNR created a system plan for state parks, state trails, water recreation, and forest recreation areas to determine how future investments are made in those facilities. The DNR worked with Explore Minnesota Tourism and the National Park Service to hold the first Water Trails Tourism Summit.

Conservation Corps seeking applicants

From the DNR

Conservation Corps Minnesota & Iowa is accepting applications for 2015 AmeriCorps field crew member positions from individuals, ages 18 to 25, who have an interest in working outdoors. The priority application deadline is Dec. 31, but applications will be accepted until all positions are filled.

These positions are for an AmeriCorps service term that runs Feb. 16 – Dec. 11.

Corps field projects are completed on public land in cooperation with nonprofit organizations and government agencies, such as the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. These jobs provide technical field experience and professional certifications for future natural resource careers. Many DNR employees got their start in natural resources with the Conservation Corps, formerly known as Minnesota Conservation Corps.

Corps members receive on-the-job training in natural resource management and put those skills into practice working on habitat restoration projects. Typical work includes exotic species management, prairie and oak-savanna restoration, stream bank stabilization, trail building and maintenance, prescribed burning and wildland fire suppression. AmeriCorps positions with the Conservation Corps involve physically challenging, team-oriented work to accomplish habitat restoration and emergency response projects. Projects are usually completed outdoors, and about 70 percent involve camping near the project location.

Applicants should have an interest in working in a team setting, giving back to their community and exploring professional development opportunities. Crew members receive a living stipend of $1,235 a month, health insurance, student loan forbearance during the service term and a post-service AmeriCorps Education Award that may be used for college expenses or to repay qualified student loans.

To apply, visit www.conservationcorps.org/apply or contact the recruitment coordinator at recruit@conservationcorps.org or 651-209-9900, ext. 31.

Aquatic education program wins award

From the DNR

MinnAqua, a state aquatic resources and fishing education program, has won a national award for teaching youth about their natural environment through fishing.

The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources program recently received the Outstanding Aquatic Education Program Award at the national 2014 Aquatic Resources Education Association biannual conference in Traverse City, Michigan.

The award recognizes association members who increase public appreciation for aquatic resources and promote fishing opportunities. MinnAqua staff members Deborah Groebner, Michelle Kelly, Nadine Meyer and, posthumously, Roland Sigurdson, received the award.

“The MinnAqua team has a well-earned national reputation for developing and delivering some of the best aquatic and fishing education in the nation,” said C.B. Bylander, DNR outreach section chief. “It was honor to be recognized by peers.”

Sigurdson, who died unexpectedly in April, was further acknowledged by having AREA’s Outstanding Aquatic Education Program award named in his honor. In the future, the award will be called the Roland Sigurdson Outstanding Aquatic Education Program Award.

“Roland embodied what educators admire and kids appreciate,” Bylander said. “He made lessons about our natural world come alive, and he did so with warmth, patience and a depth of knowledge few possess.”

For 23 years, MinnAqua has partnered with organizations and individuals to introduce youth and families to angling. The program developed a curriculum called “Fishing: Get in the Habitat!” that helps educators address Minnesota academic standards in math, language arts, history and science.

The curriculum, available to those who have an interest sharing aquatic and fishing education, received national awards from the National Association for Interpretation and American Fisheries Society.

Carver Co. PF annual banquet Jan. 17

The Carver County Pheasants Forever Chapter will host its 29th annual banquet Saturday, Jan. 17.

The banquet will take place at the Hamburg Community Hall starting at 5 p.m. for social hour. The dinner will begin at 7 p.m.

To get tickets to the event, or for more information, contact Randy Wendland or go to https://pheasantsforeverevents.org/event/1117.

Annual hunting and fishing expo set for March 21

The Christian Deer Hunters Association will host The Big Little Hunting & Fishing Expo & Auction Saturday, March 21 in the Agribition Center at the McLeod County Fairgrounds in Hutchinson from 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.

This is an event for the entire family. Outdoor-related booths will fill the building, and there will be live and silent auctions, food, and hunting and fishing seminars throughout the day.

Youth will enjoy such things as a live trout pond, marshmallow gun shooting gallery, fishing for prizes, minnow races, hands-on fly-tying, and more.

The Minnesota Official Measurers will score your buck’s rack for free.

For more information, seminar times, auction times, and the exhibitors list, visit www.christiandeerhunters.org, or call (320) 327-2266.

CO weekly reports

From the DNR

Upon approaching one fish shelter CO Caleb Silgjord (Sauk Centre) could hear the occupants talking about how “good their weed was.” After making contact with the anglers they immediately admitted to using marijuana. Enforcement action was taken. Other violations for the week included angle w/o a license in possession, ATV operator under 18 without a helmet, allow illegal operation of an ATV by a juvenile, and no ATV safety certificate.

CO Brian Mies (Annandale) last week checked anglers. CO Mies also worked on a trapping case. CO Mies checked aeration systems.

CO Paul Kuske (Pierz) conducted checks at home taxidermy businesses, which resulted in discovering record keeping violations and leading to further investigations of illegal taking of deer from this past season. Fishing pressure has been low, ice conditions are good, crappies and walleyes seemed to be the most common catch, lack of proper identification on fish houses the most frequent violation.

CO Nicholas Klehr (Litchfield) spent the week checking ice fishermen and pheasant hunters who were taking advantage of time off over the holidays. Recently, anglers have not had much luck on area lakes. Enforcement action was taken for transporting a loaded firearm in a motor vehicle.

CO Jen Mueller (Hutchinson) checked anglers and spear fishermen throughout the week. She answered questions on crossbows and investigated a baiting complaint. An inspection was done for a lake turning on the aeration system.

Question of the week

From the DNR

Q: How does the winter cold and snow affect deer, and how do they survive Minnesota’s winter weather?

A: Wildlife in Minnesota must be able to withstand a wide variety of environmental conditions, which provides a niche for cold-adapted species that may otherwise be outcompeted by species that cannot survive the winter. White tailed deer are found throughout North America and Central America, but also exhibit some winter adaptations. The heavy fur on the outside of a deer’s coat is hollow. The air stored inside each hair serves as an insulator that buffers the deer’s warm body from colder outside temperatures, much like the insulation inside a house’s wall traps warm air.

Snow affects deer in many ways. Like the hair on a deer’s back, fluffy snow can also trap air and provide good insulation for any animal that beds down in a deep snow drift. Snow can also be a detriment to deer because it can make food more difficult to find. In winter, deer often shift from typical grazers feeding on grasses and herbaceous plants to browsers that feed on buds and rely on fat reserves gained during the summer. Deep snow can also make travel more difficult for deer, meaning that they may alter their movement patterns or try to find areas where food and cover from wind are nearby one another. This can cause deer to “herd up” in winter as they congregate near an available source of food or a windbreak.